Recording Studios - What Makes Them Up?
A recording studio is actually a place where functions like mixing and sound recording are performed. An acoustician is usually responsible to design the monitoring and recording spaces in the recording studio in order to get optimum acoustic properties. A recording studio is mostly used for the following purposes:
a. Music recording by the musicians
b. Voice over for ads
c. dialogue replacement, movies, animation or television
Typically, a recording studio comprises of three rooms namely the studio room, the control room and the machine room. The studio room in a recording studio is the area where the sound is made for recording purpose where as in the control room; the sound from the studio is manipulated as well as recorded. The machine room of the recording studio is used for the purpose of keeping all nosier equipment.
Apart from these basic three rooms, a recording studio may also consists of additional rooms such as extra control room or a vocal box which is a mini room at times specially designed for voice recording.
Isolation booth is another small room in a recording studio where a vocalist, drummer, guitar speaker cabinet or a vocalist are acoustically isolated in the room. It is sound proofed both internally and externally like the rest of the recording rooms in the sound industry.
In a professional atmosphere, a recording studio usually consists of a control room, isolation booth and a vast live room. Almost all the rooms in a recording studio usually have a reconfigurable amalgamation of reflective and non-reflective surfaces, in order to handle the amount of reverberation.
Apart from a professional recording studio, some people also form mini personal recording studio at their work place or home which are commonly known as home studios or project studios. Usually, these types of studios are made with a view to fulfill the requirements of an individual artist and are thus seldom used for the commercial purpose. Going back into the history, we see that the very first project studio was established during the mid 80's, which included synthesizers, affordable multitrack recorders as well as microphones.
The recording equipments that a sound recording studio ideally contains include:
a. Multitrack recorder
b. Mixing console
c. Reference monitors
f. Digital audio workstation
g. Recording lights
h. Music workstation